Research Publications


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  • Premathilake Rathnasiri, Kumar Akhilesh, Krishnamurthy Anupama, Shanti Pappu, S. Prasad, Yanni Gunnell, G. Orukaimani. Phytoliths as indicators of Quaternary vegetation at the Paleolithic site of Attirampakkam, India, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 14 (2017) 479–499

  • Kumar Akhilesh and Shanti Pappu. 2015. Bits and pieces: Lithic waste products as indicators of Acheulean behaviour at Attirampakkam, India, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 4 (2015) 226–241.

  • Warrier, A.K., K. Sandeep, B.G.Harshavardhana, R.Shankar, Shanti Pappu, Kumar Akhilesh, C.N.Prabhu and Y.Gunnell. 2011. A Rock Magnetic record of Pleistocene Rainfall Variations at the Site of Attirampakkam, Southeastern India, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 38 (12):3681-3693.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Yanni Gunnell, Kumar Akhilesh, Régis Braucher, Maurice Taieb, François Demory, Nicolas Thouveny, 2011, Early Pleistocene Presence of Acheulian Hominins in South India, Science,  March 25th, 331(6024):1596-1599.

  • Arun K. Sreedhar, S. Balakrishnan, Shanti Pappu and Kumar Akhilesh 2008. Clay mineralogical studies of sediments and strontium isotope analyses on calcretes at the prehistoric site of Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, Current Science, 94 (6), 2008: 779-786. 

  • Bonnie A.B. Blackwell,  Andrés Montoya, Joel I.B. Blickstein, Anne R. Skinner, Shanti Pappu, Yanni  Gunnell, Maurice Taieb, Akhilesh Kumar, Joyce Lundburg 2007.  ESR analyses for teeth from the open-air site at Attirampakkam, India: clues to complex U uptake and paleoenvironmental change, Radiation Measurements. (2007), doi: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.05.040. 

  • Gunnell, Y., Rajashekar, C., Pappu, S., Taieb, M. and Kumar, A. 2006. On the Depositional Environment of Lower Palaeolithic Horizons at the Prehistoric Site of Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, Current Science, 2006, 91,114-118.

  • Pappu, Shanti and Sheila Mishra, 2006. International Symposium on Migration and Evolution of Early Humans in the Old World, (Baise-Guangxi, China), Man and Environment XXI (1):126.

  • Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh 2005. Prehistoric Archaeology and Community Education: earning from excavations at Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, Humankind, 1:131-145.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Yanni Gunnell, Maurice Taieb and Kumar Akhilesh 2004. Preliminary Report on Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu (1999-2004),  Man and Environment, Volume XXIX (2):1-17.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Yanni Gunnell, Maurice Taieb, Jean-Philippe Brugal, Yannick    Touchard 2003. Ongoing Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, South India: Preliminary Findings,  Current Anthropology 44(4): 591-597. 

  • Pappu, Shanti ,Yanni Gunnell, Maurice Taieb, Jean-Philippe Brugal, K. Anupama, Raman Sukumar and Kumar Akhilesh 2003. Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, South India, Antiquity, 77(297) 2003.

  • Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh 2003. The Palaeolithic Archaeology of the  Kortallayar river basin,  Tamil Nadu Kalvettu (Publication of the State Department of Archaeology, Government of Tamil Nadu) :16-23. 

    Pappu, Shanti 2002. Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, 2002, Avanam (journal of the Tamil Nadu Archaeological Society).

  • Shanti Pappu 2001. In the Footsteps of Foote: Recent Excavations in South India, Past, The Newsletter of the Prehistoric Society, University College, London, Vol. 37, April.

  • Pappu, Shanti 2007.  Changing Trends in the Study of a Palaeolithic Site in India: A Century of Research at Attirampakkam, in ­The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia, (M.D.Petraglia and B.Allchin Eds.), Inter-disciplinary Studies in Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Linguistics and Genetics Series: Elsevier, pp. 121-137.

  • Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh 2007. Recent Research into the Palaeolithic Archaeology of Northern Tamil Nadu, in Human Origins, Genome and People of India, (A.R.Sankhyan and V.R.Rao Eds.).New Delhi:Allied Publishers, pp. 309-316.

  • Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh. 2006. Preliminary Observations on the Acheulian Assemblages from Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, in Axe Age. Acheulian Toolmaking from Quarry to Discard (Naama Goren-Inbar and Gonen Sharon Eds.). London: Equinox Publishing Ltd., pp. 155-180.

Palaeolithic Archaeology of SE India 

  • Kumar, A., S.Pappu, S. Ravindranath, Uday Raj. 2017. Shifting Sands: A Review of Research on Microlithic Sites associated with Teri Dunes of Tamil Nadu, in K. Paddayya and B.Basak (ed.), volume on proceedings of the conference 'Prehistory of South Asia', 26-28th November, 2010, Centre for Archaeological Studies and Training, Eastern India, Kolkata.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranath and Uday Raj 2009. A Forgotten Heritage: Impact Assessment Studies at Prehistoric Sites in Tamil Nadu, in Space, Time and Place, III International  Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology, 17-21 August, 2009, Tiruchirappalli, (Maurizio Forte, Stefano Campana and Claudia Liuzza Eds.), Oxford:BAR International Series 2118, pp. 253-263.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranath, Uday Raj 2011. From Stone Tools to Satellites: Recent Research into the Prehistory of Tamil, Ancient India, Bulletin of the Archaeological Survey of India, New Series 1, pp.87-100.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranath, Uday Raj and Yanni Gunnell 2010, Research and Management of Palaeolithic resources in Tamil Nadu, South India, Antiquity Project Gallery,

  • Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranath and Uday Raj 2010. Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing for Research and Heritage Management in Indian prehistory, Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2316–2331.

  • Pappu, Shanti  2001. Middle Palaeolithic Stone Tool Technology in the Kortallayar Basin, South India, Antiquity 75, 287:107-117.

  • Pappu, Shanti 2001. Recent Research Into the Palaeolithic Archaeology of Tamil Nadu, South India, Praehistoria 2:85-96      

  • Pappu, Shanti 1999. A Study of Natural Site Formation Processes in the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, South India, Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 14, 2: 127-150.

  • Pappu, Shanti 1996. Reinvestigation of the Prehistoric Archaeological Record in the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, Man and Environment, XXI (1):1-23.

  • Pappu, Shanti, A. Kshirsagar and Vijay Sathe 1994. Discovery of a Middle Holocene Sub-Fossil Bone from Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District, Tamil Nadu, Current Science, 67(6):431-433.

  • Pappu, Shanti 1994. Pleistocene Landforms and Artefact Contexts in the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, Draft Papers: Neogene and Quaternary. Settlement and Technology. World Archaeology Congress-3. New Delhi.

  • Pappu, Shanti 2001. The Environment in Prehistoric Research: A Case Study from the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, in People and Environment in India: Essays in Environmental Anthropology (K.K. Misra and M.L.K. Murty Eds.); pp.24-38. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House.

 Palaeolithic Archaeology of Jharkhand 

  • Kumar Akhilesh. 2005. A Re-examination of the Upper Palaeolithic 'Damin Industries', Bansloi River Basin, Jharkhand, in Gurudakshina: Facets of Indian Archaeology. Essays presented to Prof. V.N. Misra (A.Kanungo ed.). Oxford: BAR International Series 1433, pp.150-157


  • Goren-Inbar, Naama, Yoel Melamed, Irit Zohar, Kumar Akhilesh and Shanti Pappu 2015. Beneath Still Waters - Multistage Aquatic Exploitation of Euryale ferox (Salisb.) during the Acheulian, by, in Internet Archaeology, 37. Special issue Human Exploitation of Aquatic Landscapes. A special issue edited by Ricardo Fernandes and John Meadows

  • Pappu, Shanti 2004. Down ancient trails: hunter-gatherers in Indian archaeology, in Hunter-Gatherers in History, Archaeology and Anthropology, (Alan Barnard Ed.), New York:Berg, pp. 129-142.

  • Shanti Pappu  2006. Ethnoarchaeological research in Indian prehistory, in Past and Present: Ethnoarchaeology in India, (Gautam Sengupta, Suchira Roychoudhury and Sujit Som Eds.). Pragati Publications, New Delhi, in collaboration with Centre for Archaeological Studies and Training Eastern India, pp.43-58.

Robert Bruce Foote 

  • Pappu, Shanti 2008. Prehistoric Antiquities and Personal Lives: The Untold Story of Robert Bruce Foote, Man and Environment, XXXIII(1): 30-50

  • Pappu, Shanti 1991-92. Robert Bruce Foote and the Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record, Bulletin of the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Prof. S.M. Khatre Felicitation Volume, 51-52:647-65. 

  • Pappu, Shanti. 2004. Robert Bruce Foote and the Kortallayar Basin in Indian Prehistory: Old Problems and New Approaches, in Proceedings of the R.B. Foote Memorial National Seminar (1995) on Indian Prehistory and Protohistory (Recent Advances), (A. Sundara Ed.), pp. 45-67. Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Karnataka.

Children's Museum and Public Archaeology 

  • Pappu, Shanti 2000. Archaeology in Schools: An Indian Example, Antiquity 74(2000): 485-6.

  • Pappu, Shanti, K.V. Raman and N.C. Ghosh 1999. Archaeology for Children: A Note on the Sharma Children's Museum, Man and Environment  XXIV(2):91-92.

  • Pappu, Shanti 2006. Prehistory in Tamil Nadu: The Need for Links and Communication, in Negotiations with the Past: Classical Tamil in Contemporary Tamil (M.Kannan and Carlos Mena Eds.). Pondichery: Institut francais de Pondichery, and Berkley, University of California, pp. 1-24.

Other Topics 

  • Pappu, Shanti. 2007. Geographic Overviews, Asia (South)/Asia, South: Palaeolithic Cultures of South India, in  The Encyclopedia of Archaeology, Elsevier.

  • INQUA-HaBCom Workshop ‘Palaeo-anthropological perspectives on plant communities in South Asia’ conducted by the Sharma Centre For Heritage Education and French Institute of Pondicherry, 27th October – 2ndNovember 2014,  Organisers: Kumar Akhilesh & Shanti Pappu (Sharma Centre of Heritage Education, India), Rathnasiri Premathilake (University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka), Anupama Krishnamurthy & S.Prasad (The French Institute of Pondicherry, India). 2014. Quaternary Perspectives, the INQUA newsletter, 21 (2)Pappu, Kumar and Kumar Akhilesh. 2015. A cost-effective and safe method for storing small lithic artefacts, Antiquity, project gallery,[02-Mar-15 9:22:51 AM]

  • Pappu, Shanti 1998. Discover India Gallery: The First Internet Site on Indian Archaeology, Archaeological Computing Newsletter, 50: 21.

  • Pappu, Shanti 2009, Comments on the paper entitled Quaternary Stratigraphy of the Kortallaiyar-Cooum Basins, by Hema Achyuthan and Nagalakshmi Thirunavakarasu, Journal of the Geological Society of India, 73:683-696.

  • Pappu, Shanti, Interview with Dr. Bridget Allchin and Dr. F.R. Allchin, conducted in September 1998, at Garhwal, Srinagar; published on the Discover India Gallery internet site: and in  Man and Environment  XXIII (2): 127-130.

  • Pappu, Shanti 1991. Review of the book “Model for Land Use in Late Acheulian Tradition, Satna District, Madhya Pradesh” by Prakash Sinha, 1991, Allahabad: Prayag Pustak Sadan, in Eastern Anthropologist: 424-427.

  • Rajaguru, S.N., S.Pappu, S.G. Deo, and S. Mishra, 2009. Earth Sciences and the Lower Palaeolithic: Recent Research and Future Prospects, in Recent Research Trends in South Asian Archaeology (Paddayya, K., Joglekar, P.P., Basa, K.K. & Sawant, R.Eds.), Pune:Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute.


  • Pappu, Shanti 2001. A Re-examination of the Palaeolithic Archaeological Record of Northern Tamil Nadu, South India. Oxford: BAR-International Series 1003.

  • Pappu, Shanti. 2007. The Lower Palaeolithic Culture of India (online text-book commissioned by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, CSIR, Government of India, for undergraduate students).submitted in 2006 (no further information available as whether this was later assigned an ISBN/ISSN number)\

  • Pappu, Shanti. 2003. Stories in Stone: The Prehistory of Tamil Nadu, (IWA Endowment Lecture), Bulletin of the Government Museum, Chennai Madras Museum, New Series-General Section XVI-3. Chennai: Commissioner of Agriculture and Museums, Government Museum, Egmore.